NURS FPX 5003 Identifying Community Health Needs Essay Example
NURS FPX 5003 Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs
Assignment Brief: NURS FPX 5003 Identifying Community Health Needs Assignment
Course: NURS FPX 5003 Health Assessment and Promotion for Disease Prevention in Population-Focused Health
Assignment Title: Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs
Assignment Instructions Overview:
In this assignment, you will explore the process of identifying and addressing community health needs within a specific population. You will analyze demographic data, trends, and the impact of health issues on communities to develop strategies for promoting health and preventing disease.
Understanding Assignment Objectives:
The primary objective of this assignment is to familiarize students with the comprehensive process of assessing and addressing community health needs. Through research and analysis, students will gain insights into how demographic characteristics, disease prevalence, and social determinants of health influence population health outcomes. Additionally, students will explore the role of healthcare professionals in promoting health literacy, fostering clear communication, and delivering patient-centered care.
The Student’s Role:
As a student undertaking this assignment, your role is to critically evaluate demographic data and epidemiological trends to identify key health needs within a community. You will analyze the impact of various factors such as race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and environmental factors on health outcomes. Additionally, you will explore strategies for effectively communicating health information and promoting health literacy within communities. Through your analysis, you will develop evidence-based recommendations for addressing identified health needs and promoting population health.
NURS FPX 5003 Identifying Community Health Needs Essay Example
Understanding the health needs of a community or state involves a thorough process that engages healthcare organizations to identify and assess healthcare requirements related to a specific illness and its impact on a particular area. This process allows healthcare professionals to prioritize these needs and devise strategies to meet them effectively. This study specifically examines the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, identifies healthcare needs among affected individuals, and pinpoints the communities most affected by this condition. Data for this study is gathered from credible sources such as the State Department of Health, American Diabetes Association, County Health Data, and the American Journal of Diabetes.
Demographic Characteristics of West Virginia
Demographic characteristics cover various aspects like the makeup of the population, including factors such as race, ethnicity, disease rates, religious beliefs, education levels, and mental health diagnoses. These factors often shape how people behave. Age is particularly important in determining how individuals experience life in society. Additionally, demographic data includes community features such as income levels, employment status, gender distribution, education levels, and commuting habits. Racial categorization is commonly used in demographic data.
Within racial categories like Asian, White, Black, and African American, there are diverse ethnicities and cultural backgrounds. Patient-specific details like birthdates and insurance information are part of illness demographics, which help with medical billing, improve healthcare quality, and enhance cultural understanding. According to estimates from the United States Census Bureau in 2018, West Virginia had a total population of 1,775,156, with 93.1% White, 3.7% Black, 0.3% Asian, and 1.9% Latino.
Around 14.1% of the population is under 65 and living with a disability. Between 2017 and 2021, about 88.1% of the population completed high school. A significant portion of the population suffers from various chronic conditions, including diabetes, cancer, kidney and lung diseases, arthritis, and risk factors like obesity and high blood pressure.
Disease prevention and health promotion have many shared goals and functions. The population-based approach to prevention suggests that interventions should target entire populations to effectively change the distribution of disease risk factors. Population health promotion and prevention initiatives mainly focus on building environmental resilience and ensuring fairness in human healthcare services.
Trends Regarding Population in Demographic Reports
From 2010 to 2021, West Virginia’s population saw growth in two out of eleven years. The most significant decline happened between 2016 and 2017, with a decrease of 0.8%. Around 16.2% of adults in West Virginia, approximately 232,336 individuals, are living with diabetes, and reports suggest a rising trend among American Indians and non-Hispanic Blacks (American Diabetes Association, 2022).
Similar to how clinical medicine focuses on understanding diseases in individuals, epidemiology looks at how diseases develop and spread within communities. Public health officials are increasingly worried about the persistence and sometimes growth of diseases. Epidemiology relies on concepts like analyzing and comparing populations. Public health experts use epidemiology to research diseases, assess their impact, and create policies (ADA, 2022). Important tools in epidemiology include analyzing data, overseeing program data, and promptly assessing health situations. Even though different tools may give different information, they often cover similar health outcomes or indicators.
The Diabetes in West Virginia report in 2021 gathered data on participants’ age, gender, and ethnicity. The questions focused on participants’ knowledge of type 2 diabetes, its risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
Impact of Diabetes on Specific Groups in West Virginia
Diabetes affects a significant portion of West Virginia’s population, with 16% of residents impacted. Specifically, 17% of the Black community, 16% of the White population, and 10% of multiracial individuals are affected (Division of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases, 2021). Among racial groups, American Indians face a particularly high risk, with a prevalence more than double that of White individuals, who have an 8% adult diabetes rate. Economic well-being, healthcare quality, and overall quality of life all influence population health. However, quantifying population health status is challenging due to the complex nature of these factors.
In 2018, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that over 34 million Americans were living with diabetes, experiencing its profound effects. Medical expenses for diabetes patients are approximately twice as high as those for individuals with other diseases. In response to this public health challenge, the CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation allocated $926,068 in grants for diabetes education and prevention in West Virginia (American Diabetes Association, 2018). Diabetes can lead to severe complications, including heart disorders, blindness, and even death.
Communication of Demographic Data and Health Needs
According to research by Hermann et al. (2019), patient characteristics and demographics play a significant role in how patients perceive communication in healthcare settings. Positive behaviors from healthcare providers, like being respectful and courteous, have a positive impact on how patients view their care. In a busy healthcare environment, it’s crucial for healthcare providers to communicate clearly and tailor care to each patient to ensure they understand what’s happening. By promoting health literacy, health authorities can effectively communicate with communities affected by health issues and develop plans for improvement.
Respect and dignity are fundamental values in patient care. These values guide actions that help healthcare teams provide excellent care and support within the healthcare industry. Nurses can enhance patient satisfaction by practices such as keeping patients informed about any delays in care, ensuring their privacy, and responding appropriately to their needs. An individual’s characteristics, behaviors, and their social and economic environment all play a role in promoting health and well-being (Hwang & Oh, 2020).
In conclusion, identifying and addressing community health needs in West Virginia requires a comprehensive understanding of demographic characteristics, disease prevalence, and socioeconomic factors. Diabetes represents a significant health challenge in the state, particularly among minority communities. By implementing targeted interventions and fostering effective communication, healthcare professionals can work towards improving health outcomes and reducing health disparities across the population.
American Diabetes Association. (2018). The burden of diabetes in West Virginia. Retrieved from https://diabetes.org/sites/default/files/202111/ADV_2021_State_Fact_sheets_West%20Virginia_rev.pdf
Division of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases. (2021). Diabetes in West Virginia. Retrieved from https://dhhr.wv.gov/hpcd/FocusAreas/wvdiabetes/Pages/DiabetesinWestVirginia.aspx
Hermann, R. M., Long, E., & Trotta, R. L. (2019). Improving patients’ experiences communicating with nurses and providers in the emergency department. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 45(5), 523–530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jen.2018.12.001
Hwang, Y., & Oh, J. (2020). Factors affecting health-promoting behaviors among nursing students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17), 6291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176291
Minc, S. D., Hendricks, B., Misra, R., Ren, Y., Thibault, D., Marone, L., & Smith, G. (2020). Geographic variation in amputation rates among patients with diabetes and/or peripheral arterial disease in the rural state of West Virginia identifies areas for improved care. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 71(5), 1708-1717.e5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.06.215
United States Census Bureau. (2018). QuickFacts: United States. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/
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