Journal Article Review: HSCO 506 Foundational and Worldview Issues of Integration Assignment

HSCO 506 Journal Article Review: Foundational and Worldview Issues of Integration AssignmentFoundational and Worldview Issues of Integration Assignment Assignment Brief

Title: HSCO 506 Journal Article Review: Foundational and Worldview Issues of Integration Assignment

Assignment Instructions Overview

In HSCO 506’s Journal Article Review: Foundational and Worldview Issues of Integration Assignment, you will be tasked with reviewing a journal article, summarizing its main concepts, reflecting on its content, and applying the knowledge gained from the article to a counseling setting. This assignment is designed to enhance your understanding of foundational and worldview issues in integration within the context of human services counseling.

Understanding Assignment Objectives

The primary objectives of this assignment are as follows:

  • To assess your ability to critically review and summarize a journal article related to foundational and worldview issues in integration within the field of human services counseling.
  • To encourage reflection on the article’s content, its implications, and its relevance to the field of counseling.
  • To challenge you to apply the knowledge acquired from the article to a hypothetical counseling scenario, demonstrating your ability to connect theory to practice.

The Student’s Role

As a student, your role in this assignment is to:

  1. Select a relevant journal article related to foundational and worldview issues of integration in human services counseling. Make sure the article is recent and appropriate for academic review.
  2. Read and critically analyze the chosen article, paying close attention to its research focus, methodologies, results, and implications.
  3. Summarize the main concepts of the article while avoiding duplication of the abstract and providing adequate detail.
  4. Reflect on the article, sharing your personal insights, thoughts on its design and methodology, and any new knowledge gained.
  5. Apply the information from the article to a hypothetical counseling scenario, demonstrating how you would address a client’s needs using the concepts learned from the article.
  6. Ensure that your paper is well-organized, follows APA formatting guidelines, and is free of grammatical and spelling errors.


The selected article for review is titled “The Effects of Forgiveness Therapy on Depression, Anxiety, and Posttraumatic Stress for Women After Spousal Emotional Abuse” by Reed & Enright (2006). This study aimed to compare forgiveness therapy (FT) with alternative treatment (AT) for emotionally abused women who had been separated from their spouses for at least two years. The hypothesis was that FT would lead to reduced anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as improved self-esteem, finding meaning in suffering, and environmental mastery compared to AT.

The research employed credible and reliable methodologies. The study involved 20 psychologically abused women who had been divorced for at least two years (Reed & Enright, 2006). Participants were self-selecting volunteers, and the study used a matched, yoked, and randomized experimental and control group design. Screening measures included a psychological abuse survey, a posttraumatic stress symptom checklist (PTSS), and a psychological screening checklist.

Both FT and AT groups engaged in 1-hour weekly discussions of their current life concerns. The study used matched-pair t-tests to compare gain scores from pretest to posttest on all dependent variables (Reed & Enright, 2006). The results indicated that FT was more effective than AT in improving trait anxiety, posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, self-esteem, forgiveness, environmental mastery, and finding meaning in suffering. In their discussion, Reed & Enright (2006) concluded that FT is a more effective treatment for emotionally abused women, which has significant implications for the counseling field.


This article presents a well-conducted study that provides reliable and valid results. It addresses a crucial issue: emotional abuse, particularly among women, who often suffer silently. The study’s objectives are clear, and the research methodology aligns with the study’s aims. The article covers essential aspects of research, from study design to intervention, screening procedures, instruments used, methods of analysis, results, and discussions.

The article also highlights the study’s strengths and weaknesses, which is vital in research. One key takeaway from this research is that forgiveness therapy is more effective than alternative treatment for emotionally abused women who have been separated or divorced for at least two years. Additionally, it underscores the emotional challenges these women face, including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Furthermore, this study encourages further exploration of forgiveness therapy’s effectiveness in improving emotional well-being. It prompts readers to seek and read additional articles on this topic to gain a more comprehensive understanding of its benefits.


The information learned from this article can be applied in a counseling setting to enhance the emotional well-being of patients. In a volunteer counseling context, such as within a church, when a depressed woman with a history of emotional abuse seeks help, forgiveness therapy can be a valuable approach (Suhron et al., 2020).

As a pastor or clinician, one can initiate a 1-hour, weekly participant-initiated discussion with the patient about their current life concerns. This can be followed by intervener-facilitated therapeutic discussions that explore the validity of past abuse, strategies for healthy assertive choices, and interpersonal relationship skills (Akhtar & Barlow, 2018). The sessions can cover various aspects outlined in the article by Reed & Enright (2006), including defining forgiveness, examining psychological defenses, understanding anger, cognitive rehearsal, and practicing goodwill, such as avoiding revenge.

The goal of this therapy is to empower the patient to consciously let go of feelings of anger or resentment towards their abuser. By applying the principles and techniques of forgiveness therapy, the counselor can assist the patient in their healing journey, ultimately improving their emotional well-being.

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