NURS FPX 4000 Applying Research Skills Capella Example Paper

NURS FPX 4000 Capella 4000 Assessment 2: Applying Research SkillsNURS FPX 4000 Assessment 2: Applying Research Skills

Assignment Brief: NURS FPX 4000 Applying Research Skills Capella Example Paper

Course: NHS FPX 4000 Developing a Health Care Perspective

Assignment Title: Assessment 2: Applying Research Skills: Annotated Bibliography and Summary


In this assignment, you will delve into the critical aspect of healthcare access issues by researching and compiling an annotated bibliography and summary. Focused on a current healthcare problem or issue of your choosing, you will explore best practices and contribute to the ongoing dialogue within the healthcare sector. This assignment not only refines your research skills but also lays the groundwork for Assessment 3, where you will further build upon your findings.

Understanding Assignment Objectives:

This task necessitates selecting and thoroughly researching a contemporary healthcare problem or issue faced by a healthcare organization. By adhering to the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach, you will engage in critical thinking to comprehensively understand and address the chosen topic. The goal is to contribute evidence-based insights and recommendations to the broader field of healthcare.

The Student’s Role:

As the student, your role is to identify a health care problem or issue from the Assessment Topic Areas provided. You will then write a succinct overview of the chosen topic, including a personal reflection on your interest and any relevant professional experiences. Your task involves conducting a thorough search for scholarly, peer-reviewed literature using appropriate databases and keywords related to the selected healthcare problem. Subsequently, you will assess the credibility of the information sources, selecting four current scholarly articles that contribute to understanding and addressing the chosen issue.

The next step is to write an annotated bibliography following the APA format. Each annotation should summarize the purpose, main arguments, covered topics, and conclusions of the selected articles. In a separate section, you will summarize the key points learned from your research, emphasizing the contributions of the chosen sources to your understanding of the healthcare problem.

Assignment Brief: NURS FPX 4000 Applying Research Skills Capella Example Paper


Healthcare systems globally face numerous challenges stemming from various obstacles that must be tackled to prevent adverse health outcomes. A significant hurdle in healthcare is limited accessibility. This subject holds my interest as ensuring adequate healthcare access for every individual is a crucial goal. Collaboration between healthcare providers, governmental bodies, and policymakers is essential to achieve positive outcomes in this regard. During my professional experiences in low-economic communities, I noted the absence of primary care facilities in many areas. The scarcity of qualified healthcare professionals, including doctors and nurses, exacerbates the vulnerability of people in rural regions to negative health consequences.

Utilizing Peer-Reviewed Articles to Address Limited Healthcare Access

Maintaining good health is crucial for a comprehensive and economically sound life. Achieving this requires essential access to quality healthcare facilities to prevent illnesses and lead a productive life. The World Health Organization recognizes healthcare as a fundamental human right, emphasizing the responsibility to ensure every citizen’s basic health rights (Zegeye et al., 2021). Inadequate healthcare access stems from factors like geographical locations, shortage of healthcare providers, transportation issues, and lack of awareness. These challenges contribute to poor health outcomes, heightened morbidity and mortality rates, and eventually lead to financial crises, particularly in developing countries (Dawkins et al., 2021). Globally, about 400 million individuals lack proper healthcare access, with approximately 8 million facing mortality due to untreated diseases, placing a significant economic burden of around $6 trillion.

The inclusion of these peer-reviewed articles is motivated by their explicit insights into the topic. The author identifies key factors contributing to limited healthcare access, paving the way for the development of effective strategies to ensure quality healthcare for all. These articles are recently published, ensuring that the information presented is current and up-to-date.

The selected articles, forming part of the annotated bibliography, are sourced from various databases, including Capella University’s Library, BioMed Central, PubMed Central, Google Scholar, CINAHL, and ScienceDirect. Efficient research is facilitated by using relevant keywords such as “limited access to healthcare,” “lack of availability of health facilities,” “healthcare access in low and middle-income countries,” “healthcare made available,” and “the importance of healthcare accessibility” (Zegeye et al., 2021; Dawkins et al., 2021).

Evaluating Credibility and Relevance of Resources

To determine the credibility and relevance of articles, the CRAAP test serves as a standard assessment tool. This test is designed to ensure the use of authentic and credible resources for describing and addressing healthcare issues (Lewis, 2018). CRAAP, representing Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose, is applied to assess sources for the annotated bibliography. Priority is given to relevance, emphasizing the identification of topic-related articles using specified keywords. Additionally, filters were applied to databases to include only articles from the past 5 years, maintaining credibility through up-to-date publications. Authors and publication journals were authenticated, and information was justified with reliable sources. The chosen articles were also assessed for their purpose, aligning with the topic of limited healthcare access.

Including these evidence-based and credible resources in the annotated bibliography aims to precisely describe the healthcare issue, identify obstacles, and assist readers in developing effective strategies for achieving positive health outcomes (Lewis, 2018).

Annotated Bibliography

Brusnahan, A., Carrasco-Tenezaca, M., Bates, B. R., Roche, R., & Grijalva, M. J. (2022). Identifying health care access barriers in southern rural Ecuador. International Journal for Equity in Health, 21(1).

The objective of this article is to introduce the Health Care Access Barrier (HCAB) Model, providing a framework to identify hindrances to healthcare access in southern rural Ecuador and develop effective solutions. The HCAB model categorizes barriers into three broad categories—financial, structural, and cognitive—further subdivided into themes. The research identifies various barriers affecting the people of Ecuador and proposes interventions such as establishing mobile clinics/primary care. Despite these recommendations, further research is suggested.

This article adheres to the CRAAP criteria, ensuring credibility. It meets the standards of currency (published in 2022), relevance (focused on identifying barriers to healthcare access), authority (authored by healthcare professionals, published in a peer-reviewed journal), accuracy (backed by relevant sources with explicit research findings), and purpose (raising awareness about a framework applicable worldwide for better barrier identification) (Brusnahan et al., 2022).

Coombs, N. C., Campbell, D. G., & Caringi, J. (2022). A qualitative study of rural healthcare providers’ views of social, cultural, and programmatic barriers to healthcare access. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1).

This cited article presents a study involving 12 healthcare providers from a rural U.S. area, sharing their perspectives on barriers to healthcare access. It highlights that limited healthcare access is a prevalent issue, particularly in underdeveloped regions. The identified reasons include a shortage of healthcare providers, cultural disparities, lack of resources, and fragmented communication. The study recommends vigilant monitoring of every aspect to enhance health outcomes for the rural population.

Published in 2022, this article is pertinent to the bibliography. Its authors and research participants are healthcare professionals, ensuring firsthand experiences and accuracy in the provided information. Given the profound issue of limited healthcare access in rural areas, awareness of these barriers becomes crucial for immediate and effective intervention (Coombs et al., 2022).

George, M. S., Davey, R., Mohanty, I., & Upton, P. (2020). “Everything is provided free, but they are still hesitant to access healthcare services”: Why does the indigenous community in Attapadi, Kerala continue to experience poor access to healthcare? International Journal for Equity in Health, 19(1).

This article aims to uncover the reasons behind the persistent poor health outcomes among the people of Kerala, despite the provision of advanced healthcare facilities. Through an in-depth study, the authors conclude that enhancing healthcare access in these communities requires culturally tailored interventions, aligning with their traditions and lifestyles, and actively involving community members.

The article holds relevance as many communities globally encounter similar challenges, with limited healthcare access due to cultural and societal preferences. It provides valuable insights for healthcare providers to formulate culturally sensitive plans. The credibility of the article is affirmed by its recent publication date, the reputable journal it appears in, alignment with current healthcare trends, and a purpose that contributes meaningful insights to the field (George et al., 2020).

Learnings from this Assessment

Several insights have been gained from this evaluation:

Firstly, tackling any healthcare issue necessitates evidence-based research. This approach ensures a thorough examination of the topic and the discovery of relevant interventions for effective issue resolution.

Secondly, recognizing the credibility of resources is crucial. Utilizing a standard test helps ensure that all information used in crafting plans is not only credible but also reliable and pertinent to the addressed topic.

Engaging with various articles concerning limited healthcare access has enhanced my existing knowledge. This exposure has deepened my comprehension of the significance of healthcare access and the necessity of identifying barriers. This newfound understanding will prove beneficial in applying the acquired knowledge within the communities where I practice.


Addressing limited healthcare access requires a thorough understanding of barriers and evidence-based interventions. The annotated bibliography provides valuable insights into the versatile nature of the issue, offering frameworks and recommendations for improving healthcare accessibility globally. By identifying and addressing these challenges, healthcare systems can work towards achieving equitable and comprehensive healthcare for all.


Brusnahan, A., Carrasco-Tenezaca, M., Bates, B. R., Roche, R., & Grijalva, M. J. (2022). Identifying health care access barriers in southern rural Ecuador. International Journal for Equity in Health, 21(1).

Coombs, N. C., Campbell, D. G., & Caringi, J. (2022). A qualitative study of rural healthcare providers’ views of social, cultural, and programmatic barriers to healthcare access. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1).

Dawkins, B., Renwick, C., Ensor, T., Shinkins, B., Jayne, D., & Meads, D. (2021). What factors affect patients’ ability to access healthcare? An overview of systematic reviews. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 26(10), 1177–1188.

George, M. S., Davey, R., Mohanty, I., & Upton, P. (2020). “Everything is provided free, but they are still hesitant to access healthcare services”: Why does the indigenous community in Attapadi, Kerala continue to experience poor access to healthcare? International Journal for Equity in Health, 19(1).

Lewis, A. B. (2018). What does bad information look like? using the CRAAP test for evaluating substandard resources. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, (88).

Rollins, J. A. (2017). Healthcare: It’s “So complicated.” Pediatric Nursing, 43(2), 58, 102.

U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. (2017). Evidence-based practice and health technology assessment. Retrieved from

Zegeye, B., El-Khatib, Z., Ameyaw, E. K., Seidu, A.-A., Ahinkorah, B. O., Keetile, M., & Yaya, S. (2021). Breaking barriers to healthcare access: A multilevel analysis of individual- and community-level factors affecting women’s access to healthcare services in Benin. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 750.

Detailed Assessment Instructions for the NURS FPX 4000 Applying Research Skills Capella Example Paper



Create a 4-6 page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing a current health care problem or issue of interest to you.For this assessment, you will select and research a current health care problem or issue faced by a health care organization. Read each portion of the assessment carefully and use the Suggested Resources to help you complete the assessment. This assessment provides an opportunity to apply research skills to a current health care problem or issue.SHOW MORE


Read the Assessment 2 Context document for an explanation of why research skills are important for health care leaders.

Questions to Consider

As you prepare to complete this assessment, you may want to think about other related issues to deepen your understanding or broaden your viewpoint. You are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, a family member, or a member of your professional community. Note that these questions are for your own development and exploration and do not need to be completed or submitted as part of your assessment.

    • How do you approach a problem or issue within your organization, when you observe it?
    • How often have you needed to find credible information to solve a personal or professional problem? How did you find the information you needed?
    • What are peer-reviewed resources? Why are peer-reviewed resources considered to be credible and valid?
    • How would you explore evidence-based best practices in your field of study?
  • Toggle Drawer





The following resources are required to complete the assessment.


The resources provided here are optional and support the assessment. They provide helpful information about topics related to the assessment. You may use other resources of your choice to prepare for this assessment; however, you will need to ensure that they are appropriate, credible, and valid. The undergraduate Library Guide for your program, under Resources for Research and Annotated Bibliographies below, can help direct your research. The Supplemental Resources and Research Resources, both linked from the left navigation menu in your courseroom, provide additional resources to help support you.

Resources for Research and Annotated Bibliographies

Resources for Writing

Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.For this assessment, you will research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 3. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach as described on Campus to aid your critical thinking.

  1. View the Assessment Topic Areas media piece linked in the Resources and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:
      • Describe the health care problem or issue.
      • Describe your interest in the topic.
      • Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.
  1. Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used.
      • You will want to access the applicable Undergraduate Library Research Guide related to your degree (found at the NHS Learner Success Lab) for tips to help you in your search.
      • Use keywords related to the health care problem or issue you are researching to select relevant articles.
  1. Assess the credibility of the information sources you find.
      • Determine if the source is from an academic peer-reviewed journal.
      • Determine if the publication is current.
      • Determine if information in the academic peer-reviewed journal article is still relevant.
  1. Select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past three to five years that relate to your topic.
  2. Explain the relevance of the information sources.
      • Describe how the health care problem or issue is addressed in each source.
      • Discuss what kind of contribution each source provides on your selected topic.
  1. Analyze the scholarly literature or academic peer-reviewed journal articles using the annotated bibliography organizational format.
      • The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to document a list of references along with key information about each one. The detail about the reference is the annotation. Developing this annotated bibliography will create a foundation of knowledge about the selected topic.
      • List the full reference for the source in APA format (author, date, title, publisher, et cetera) and use APA format for the annotated bibliography.
      • Make sure the references are listed in alphabetical order, are double-spaced, and use hanging indents.
      • Follow the reference with the annotation.
  1. In your annotation:
      • Identify the purpose of the article.
      • Summarize the source:
        • What are the main arguments?
        • What topics are covered?
      • Include the conclusions and findings of the article.
      • Write your annotation in a paragraph form. The annotation should be approximately 150 words (1 to 3 paragraphs) in length.
  1. In a separate paragraph or two at the end of the paper, summarize what you learned from your research.
      • List the main points you learned about.
      • Summarize the main contributions of the sources you chose and how they enhanced your knowledge about the topic.

Example Assessment: You may use the assessment example, linked in the Assessment Example section of the Resources, to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like.


  1. Length: At least 4–6 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page and reference page.
  2. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
  3. APA Template: Use the APA Style Paper Template as the paper format and the APA Style Paper Tutorial for guidance. See the Resources for these documents.
  4. Written communication: Write clearly and logically, with correct use of spelling, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.
  5. Content: Provide a title page and reference page following APA style.
  6. References: Use at least four scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles.
  7. APA format: Follow current APA guidelines for in-text citation of outside sources in the body of your paper and also on the reference page.

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