NUR 550 Research Design Comparison Assignment
NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Research Design Comparison
NUR 550 Research Design Comparison Assignment
The purpose of this assignment is to conduct a comparison on different research designs to better understand their designs and application.
Understanding the different types of research design is important so that nurses can effectively apply evidence-based research into practice to address issues and offer better patient care.
You will utilize your approved nursing practice problem to complete the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments for this course and , during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a final written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.
 
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NUR 550 Research Design Comparison
Review feedback from your instructor on your “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identification of Nursing Practice Problem,” submitted in Topic 1.
If your original proposed nursing problem was outside the scope of nursing practice or not conducive to an evidence-based practice project proposal, work with your instructor to identify a new topic prior to beginning this assignment.
If your proposed topic requires revision, complete this prior to beginning this assignment.
Conduct a literature search on your approved nursing practice problem. NUR 550 Research Design Comparison Assignment
Find two translational research articles, one quantitative article, and one qualitative article.
Using the “Translational Research Graphic Organizer,” present your proposed topic and, in the tables provided, compare one translational study to the quantitative study, and one translational study to the qualitative study.
Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments.
You are required to cite four peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are not required to submit this assignment to Lopes Write.
Translational Research Graphic Organizer
State the nursing practice problem for your evidence-based practice project. If your nursing problem has not yet been approved, make any required changes or revisions to your nursing practice problem prior to starting the assignment. Using your proposed topic, conduct a literature search and complete the tables below.
Nursing Practice Problem:
Comparison 1: Translational Research vs. Qualitative Research
Criteria Peer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link:
Translational Research Type:
Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link:
Traditional Qualitative Research Type: Observations (Similarities/Differences)
Methodology
 
Goals
 
Data Collection
 
Comparison 2: Translational Research vs. Quantitative Research
Criteria Peer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link:
Translational Research Type: Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link:
Traditional Quantitative Research Type:
Observations (Similarities/Differences)
Methodology
 
Goals
 
Data Collection
Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NUR-550 NUR-550-O503 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Research Design Comparison 100.0
Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less Than Satisfactory (80.00%) Satisfactory (88.00%) Good (92.00%) Excellent (100.00%)
Content 100.0%
Nursing Practice Problem (Revision) 10.0% The nursing practice problem was not included, or the required revisions were not made. The changes failed to meet the criteria for a relevant nursing practice problem for an evidence-based practice project proposal. Additional revisions are still required for approval. Revisions were made accordingly to improve the proposed nursing practice problem, but some aspects are inaccurate or unclear. Additional revisions are still required for approval. NA The nursing practice problem is clearly presented and approved. No revision was required, or all necessary revisions are were made.
Translational and Traditional Articles 15.0% More than two articles selected do not meet the assignment criteria. At least one article is omitted. Two articles do not meet the assignment criteria. It is unclear how one or two of the articles support the proposed nursing practice problem. One article does not meet the assignment criteria. Overall, the articles generally support the proposed nursing practice problem. The proposed problem would be better supported with the selection of one or two different articles. The articles meet the assignment criteria and provide adequate support for the proposed nursing practice problem. A quantitative article and a qualitative article were each compared to a translational research article. The articles are peer-reviewed, published within the last five years, and pertain to the nursing practice problem. The assignment criteria are fully met.
Comparison of Methodology Between Translational and Traditional Research 15.0% The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is omitted. The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is incomplete. There are significant inaccuracies. A summary comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is presented. Some aspects are incorrect or unclear. The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is adequately presented. Some aspects require more detail for accuracy or clarity. The comparison between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative methodologies is thorough and accurate. A clear understanding of translational and traditional methodologies is demonstrated.
Comparison of Goals Between Translational and Traditional Research 15.0% The comparison of goals between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is omitted. The comparison of goals between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is incomplete. There are significant inaccuracies. A summary comparison of goals between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is presented. Some aspects are incorrect or unclear. A comparison of goals between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is adequately presented. Some aspects require more detail for accuracy or clarity. The comparison of goals between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is thorough and accurate. An understanding of goals between traditional and translational research is evident.
Comparison of Data Collection Between Translational and Traditional Research 15.0% The comparison of data collection between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is omitted. The comparison of data collection between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is incomplete. There are significant inaccuracies. A summary comparison of data collection between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is presented. Some aspects are incorrect or unclear. The comparison of data collection between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is adequately presented. Some aspects require more detail for accuracy or clarity. The comparison of data collection between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research is thorough and accurate. An understanding of goals between traditional and translational research is evident.
Observations (Similarities and Differences) 20.0% The similarities and differences between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research are not discussed. The similarities and differences between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research are only partially discussed. The narrative is vague and contains inaccuracies. The similarities and differences between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research are summarized. More information is needed. There are minor inaccuracies. The similarities and differences between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research are presented. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy The similarities and differences between translational and quantitative and translational and qualitative research are detailed and informative.
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, and language use) 5.0% Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is employed Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.
Topic 2 DQ 1
Explain the value of biostatistics in population health research. Describe the role of epidemiology in researching and addressing population health challenges. How are epidemiology and biostatistics significant to your evidence-based practice proposal?
Re: Topic 2 DQ 1
Biostatistics, a scientific subdiscipline of statistics, is the collection and analysis of biological data to study population health issues (Lee et al., 2019). Through biostatistics, public health outcomes are improved. Epidemiology also plays a significant role in population health by identifying risk factors for diseases and focuses on treatment and promoting prevention (Galea, 2017). Epidemiology has influenced population health for over 150 years and through observations, regulations were developed to improve the safety of drinking water, clean air, waste management, promote anti-smoking directives, diet advice, and physical activity guidelines (Galea, 2017).
Epidemiology and biostatistics are the foundation of public health and preventative medicine and are critical components in disease monitoring and prevention. Furthermore, data and findings from epidemiology and biostatistics are used to better understand chronic diseases such as hypertension and the associated risk factors. Because consumption of a poor diet and lack of exercise are modifiable risk factors that increase the morbidity and mortality rate associated with hypertension, it is vital that patients receive detailed patient education to improve health care outcomes and encourage participation in their care. Studies have demonstrated that patients who receive patient education and are actively involved in their care are more likely to comply with taking their medications and treatments (Miller, 2016).
References
Galea, S. (2017). Making epidemiology matter. International Journal of Epidemiology, 46(4), 1083-1085. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx154
Lee, K. J., Moreno‐Betancur, M., Kasza, J., Marschner, I. C., Barnett, A. G., & Carlin, J. B. (2019). Biostatistics: A fundamental discipline at the core of modern health data science. Medical Journal of Australia, 211(10), 444. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50372
Miller T. A. (2016). Health literacy and adherence to medical treatment in chronic and acute illness: A meta-analysis. Patient education and counseling, 99(7), 1079–1086. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2016.01.020
Re: Topic 2 DQ 1
Biostatistics is the application of statistics in regard to scientific health research including biology, medicine and public health. Information such as vaccine and medication trials, evaluation of environmental factors as well as determining major risk factors of certain diseases are all evaluated to then determine health outcomes (Cal State East Bay, 2021). Biostatistics is important as it can help determine causes and risk factors of disease and injury, trends within communities and effectiveness of medications to help promote better health outcomes (Liaison International, 20211).
Epidemiology, also known as population research focuses on determinants of health, disease and injury in different human populations. Quite often, this research study is observational, in which characteristics and behaviors of people in their environment are monitored to determine health outcomes. Patient information gathered can show specific prevalences of occurrences, which allows for hypotheses to be formed, also known as a descriptive study. The information and hypotheses can then be tested within an analytical study to determine any associations between certain factors that cause health occurrences (DeNisco, 2021).
According to Nash et al., (2021), epidemiologists research scientific information regarding determinants and distribution of health issues that impact the lives of a particular population. These researchers collect information on factors that affect health that are not “clinical”, such as age, family history, racial or ethnic minority, and obesity. This can then help determine a specific burden among the population, which then determines interventions that can help make positive changes within the population (Nash et al., 2021).
Biostatistics and epidemiology will be significant to my evidence-based practice project as I will be researching medication compliance in the treatment of COPD patients of low socioeconomic status. I will be able to research this general population and further break it down to determine factors that are associated with these patients and whether or not those factors determine their medication compliance. By utilizing statistical information I will best be able to determine numerical data that is relevant to my evidence-based project.
Resources
Cal State East Bay. (2021). What is biostatistics? https://www.csueastbay.edu/statistics/
biostatistics-psm/biostatistics.html
DeNisco. (2021). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (4th ed.).
Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Liaison International. (2021). Biostatistics. Explore health careers. https://explorehealthcareers
.org/career/public-health/biostatistics/
Nash, D.B., Skoufalos, A., Fabius, R. J., & Oglesby, W.H. (2021). Population health: Creating a
culture of wellness (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Topic 2 DQ 2
Consider ecological and global issues, social determinants of health, principles of genetics, and genomics. Explain how translational research can be applied in these areas to address the burden of global disease.
Re: Topic 2 DQ 2
Translational research uses scientific techniques to help improve outcomes through taking the research and putting it into practice (Setty et al., 2019). When it comes to ecological and global issues, translational research applies to address burden of global disease by understanding any potential human health effects from environmental exposures and identifying any interventions that would help reduce exposure and improve health outcomes (Kaufman & Curl, 2019). This is done through the use of exposure sciences, biology, epidemiology, biostatistics, and risk assessments (Kaufman & Curl, 2019). When it comes to social determinants of health (SDOH), translational research applies to address burden of global disease by using research to examine the cause of disparity and using new interventions to help reduce mortality and morbidity at the provider to patient level and community level to help address eliminating health disparities (Fleming et al., 2009). When it comes to genetics and genomics, translational research applies to addressing burden of global disease by the research being able to study genes and help with the development of genetic testing in order to take the necessary interventions earlier to curtail certain diseases sooner rather later leading to decreases in morbidity and mortality from certain diseases.
In Oncology genetic testing is a big part of finding out about cancers and the risks it presents to an individual and other family members. For example, with breast cancer we test for BReast CAncer genes (BRCA) 1 and 2 gene mutations. If the individual with the breast cancer tests positive for one of the BRCA genes, then the provider can order this testing for family members. If a family member tests positive for the BRCA genes, but does not have cancer, there are certain interventions that can be offered to decrease their risk of getting cancer such as surgery, medications, and early and more frequent breast cancer screenings. Strong evidence has shown though in these cases that the benefit of surgical intervention can reduce the breast cancer risk by 85% and ovarian cancer by 69% (HealthyPeople.gov, 2021).
References:
Fleming, E. S., Perkins, J., Easa, D., Conde, J. G., Baker, R. S., Southerland, W. M., Dottin, R., Benabe, J. E., Ofili, E. O., Bond, V.C., McClure, S. A., Sayre, M. H., Beanan, M. J., & Norris, K. C. (2009). The role of translational research. in addressing health disparities: A conceptual framework. Ethnicity and disease, 18(2), 155-160. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2705204/
HealthlyPeople.gov. (2021). Genomics. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/genomics
Kaufman, J. D., & Curl, C. L. (2019). Environmental health sciences in a translational research framework: More than benches and bedsides. Environmental Health Perspectives, 127(4), 1-7. https://doi-org.lopeed.idm.oclc.org/10.1289/EHP4067
Setty, K., Cronk, R., George, S., Anderson, D., O’Flaherty, G., & Bartram, J. (2019). Adapting Translational research methods to water, sanitation, and hygiene. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public health, 16(20), 4049. doi:10.3390/ijerph16204049
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