NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers
Week 1

1. Magnet status is being pursued by hospitals across the United States. Which of the following is an important criterion in achieving and maintaining magnet status?

A) Staff nurses must understand the research process and use evidence as a basis for practice.
B) Staff nurses must be actively involved in generating new nursing knowledge.
C) Staff nurses must be included on interdisciplinary research teams studying clinical issues.
D) Staff nurses must pass yearly competencies showing knowledge of the research process.

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2. Which of the following is not an essential component of developing an evidence-based practice guideline?
A) Performing an exhaustive review of the literature.
B) Using clinical expert opinions.
C) Evaluating patient preferences.
D) Considering hospital policies.

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers
3. The peer review process is an important component of conducting nursing research. Which of the following statements most accurately describes this process?
A) It assures that the research has significant statistical power.
B) It assures that the research is unbiased.
C) It assures that the research is replicable.
D) It assures that the research has measurable outcomes.

4. Which of the following is considered a primary source of evidence?
A) A research study.
B) A systematic review.
C) An integrative review.
D) A meta-analysis.

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers
5. A nurse manager is conducting a quality improvement project on her unit. How is quality improvement different from the research process?
A) Risks are greater for subjects in quality improvement projects.
B) Quality improvement projects are expected to stand up to replication.
C) Quality improvement projects are beneficial to specific organizations.
D) These terms can be used interchangeably.

6. Which of the following statements is true about evidence-based practice?
A) Evidence-based practice is synonymous with clinical decision making.
B) Evidence-based practice is supported only through findings from randomized clinical trials.
C) Evidence-based practice is synonymous with theory.
D) Evidence-based practice is important to streamline nursing care.

Answers
1:A, 2:D, 3:B, 4:A, 5:C, 6:D,
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

Week 2

1. Nursing research is a disciplined and systematic process. Which of the following is usually the first step in the research process?
A) Determine an appropriate theoretic framework for the study.
B) Identify a gap in knowledge related to nursing practice.
C) Select a design that is appropriate for the study.
D) Complete a systematic review of the literature.
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

2. The philosophical assumptions and belief system that underlies a research study is referred to as a (n):
A) Paradigm or framework.
B) Methodology.
C) Discovery.
D) Argument.
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

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3. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the purpose of qualitative nursing research?
A) Inferences are used to generalize findings to a defined population.
B) Findings are used to gain understanding of patients’ experiences.
C) Findings are used to determine cause and effect of a phenomenon.
D) Inferences are used to establish evidence-based guidelines.

4. How are quantitative and qualitative research approaches different?
A) Reality is viewed objectively in qualitative research and constructed by the individual in quantitative research.
B) Design is highly controlled in quantitative research and adaptable in qualitative research.
C) Sampling is population-based in qualitative research and restricted to individuals in quantitative research.
D) Analysis in deductive in qualitative research and inductive in quantitative research.

5. A nurse researcher designs a study to measure pain ratings of subjects using a relaxation exercise and also interview them about their experiences. What type of research is being conducted?
A) Quantitative research.
B) Qualitative research.
C) Mixed methods.
D) Nested methods.
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

6. Which of the following is most important to the researcher in selecting a research design?
A) The type of subjects being studied.
B) The type of data being collected.
C) The nature of the research problem.
D) The expertise of the researchers.

Answers

1:B, 2:A, 3:B, 4:B, 5:C, 6:C,
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

Week 3

1. Research that is reproduced to validate findings and increase generalizability is referred to as
A) a randomized clinical trial.
B) a replication/confirmatory study.
C) a systematic review.
D) a validation study.

2. Research problem statements
A) are declarations of disparity.
B) are declarations of intent.
C) declare what is being studied.
D) declare who is being studied.

3. Which of the following is an example of empirical literature?
A) An article describing a grand theory in nursing
B) An article describing a middle-range theory in nursing
C) An article describing the results of a descriptive study
D) An article describing a concept analysis

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers
4. A clinical practice guideline is an example of a(n)
A) seminal work.
B) secondary source.
C) empirical work.
D) primary source.

5. Careful consideration of the _____ serves as the basis for the research design.
A) type of theory used in the study
B) purpose to be achieved by the study
C) type of statistics to be used in the study
D) number of subjects needed in the study

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6. Experimental studies measure cause and effect. The variable that is synonymous with the cause is referred to as the
A) dependent variable.
B) independent variable.
C) extraneous variable.
D) control variable.
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

7. Factors that exert an effect on the outcome but that are not part of the planned experiment and may confuse the interpretation of the results are referred to as
A) extraneous variables.
B) situational factors.
C) dependent variables.
D) confounding factors.

8. Which of the following research designs is used to answer questions that seek to investigate causality?
A) Survey design
B) Correlational design
C) Experimental design
D) Cross-sectional design

9. All of the following research designs describe relationships between variables, except
A) correlational.
B) grounded theory.
C) phenomenology.
D) tests of model fit.
Answers

1:B, 2:A, 3:C, 4:B, 5:B, 6:B, 7:A, 8:C, 9:C,
NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

Week 4

1. Vulnerable populations in research include those groups with
A) limited capacity to make decisions.
B) a vested interest in the study outcomes.
C) less than a high school education.
D) limited knowledge of the research process.

2. Researchers may not use underprivileged persons to benefit those who are privileged. This constitutes a major tenant of the principle of
A) beneficence.
B) justice.
C) respect for persons.
D) equal opportunity.

3. Deception or incomplete disclosure is allowed in research under all of the following conditions, except when
A) it is necessary for the goals of the research.
B) the undisclosed risks are minimal.
C) there is a plan to debrief the subjects.
D) subjects are unable to give informed consent.

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

4. A researcher fails to follow the research protocol, which compromises subjects’ safety. The researcher may be accused of

A) negligence.
B) breach of duty.
C) battery.
D) discrimination.

5. A researcher enrolls only white males in a study because of the greater ease in recruiting this population. The researcher may be accused of
A) negligence.
B) breach of duty.
C) battery.
D) discrimination.

6. Which of the following is a type of research misconduct where data or results are made up?
A) Fabrication
B) Falsification
C) Plagiarism
D) Infringement

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

7. When subjects elect not to participate in a study and/or drop out of a study, this can lead to
A) sampling error.
B) sampling bias.
C) selection bias.
D) selection error.

8. The only way to be sure that a sample represents a population is if it incorporates the following two essential criteria
A) random selection and independence.
B) random selection and dependence.
C) purposive selection and independence.
D) purposive selection and dependence.

9. The measurement of the magnitude of the impact of an intervention is referred to as the
A) power analysis.
B) test of fit.
C) effect size.
D) factor analysis.
Answers

1:A, 2:B, 3:D, 4:A, 5:D, 6:A, 7:C, 8:A, 9:C,

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

Week 5

1. A nurse researcher is conducting a retrospective study and using a chart review to collect data. What type of data will be collected?
A) External data
B) Secondary data
C) Internal data
D) Primary data

2. Which of the following are considered categorical data?
A) Nominal and ordinal
B) Nominal and interval
C) Ordinal and interval
D) Ordinal and ratio

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

3. A nurse researcher is measuring blood pressures of women who are diagnosed with pre-eclampsia. The sphygmomanometer has not been calibrated correctly, which results in inaccurate readings. What type of error is this?
A) Sampling error
B) Random error
C) Systematic error
D) Nonsystematic error

4. A researcher is interested in determining whether an instrument has stability between the raters who use it. What is this called?
A) Internal reliability
B) Inter-rater reliability
C) Face validity
D) Content validity

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

5. Pain is defined as the score obtained on the McGill Pain Questionnaire. This is an example of a(n)

A) conceptual definition.
B) operational definition.
C) simple hypothesis.
D) directional hypothesis.

6. An example of a psychometric data collection instrument is the
A) Likert scale.
B) sphygmomanometer.
C) interview.
D) focus group.
Answers

1:B, 2:A, 3:C, 4:B, 5:B, 6:A,

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

Week 7

 1. Which of the following statements is accurate in relation to critically appraising research evidence?

A) Studies published in respected journals can be accepted on face value.
B) The goal is to judge whether the research evidence is credible.
C) More rigor is needed to appraise evidence presented at conferences versus published evidence.
D) The goal is to determine whether the researchers used ethical standards.

2. The interpretation of a result in a research study is called a
A) summary.
B) bias.
C) finding.
D) discussion.

3. Descriptive research seeks to
A) manipulate variables to produce an outcome.
B) determine why there are relationships among variables.
C) generalize results from a study to a population.
D) observe what is happening.

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

4. The strongest level of evidence produced by research is
A) quantitative.
B) qualitative.
C) descriptive.
D) predictive.

5. Understanding how a patient may perceive the implementation of a plan of care can be enhanced by reading
A) quantitative research findings.
B) qualitative research findings.
C) descriptive research findings.
D) predictive research findings.

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

6. When a qualitative research finding is said to have confirmability, this means that
A) data can be transferred from one setting to another.
B) an instrument measured data in the same way each time it was used.
C) one rater collected data in a similar manner to another rater.
D) multiple researchers reached the same decision when analyzing the same data.

Answers
1:B, 2:C, 3:D, 4:A, 5:B, 6:D,

NR439: Evidence-Based Practice Quiz with Answers

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